Types of Pudam

Author: தோழி / Labels: ,

In siddha medicine, the process of pudam is employed to obtain the required medicinal product either by combining or separating from one another. Certain medicinal product preparation requires long lasting heat and the direct contact of fire on that source product also should be avoided. For those specific cases, the dried cow dung called varatti is used for this pudam.

According to the amount of varatti used, the pudam is categorized accordingly. Agathiyar in his book, “Agathiyar Vaatha Sowmiyam”, explained this as follows.

ஆமப்பா புடந்தனக்கு நிதானங்கேளு
aamappa pudanthanakku nithaanang aelu
அப்பனே காடையது எருவென்றாகும்
appanae kaadaiyathu eruvenraakum
நாமப்பா கவதாரி எருமூன்றாப்பா
naamappaa kavathaari erumoonraappaa
நன்மையுள்ள குக்குடந்தான் எருபத்தாகும்
nanmaiyulla kukkudanthaan erupaththaakum
நாமப்பா வராகபுடம் எருஐம்பதாகும்
naamappaa varaakappudam eruaiumpathaakum
தயவான கனபுடந்தான் எருநூறாகும்
thayavaana kanapudanthaan erunooraakum
ஓமப்பா கெஜபுடந்தான் ஆயிரமுமாகும்
oamappa kejapudanthaan aayiramaakum
உத்தமனே கைமுறையாய்ப் புடமாய்ப்பாரே
uththamanae kaimuraiyaaip pudamaaippaarae.

- அகத்தியர் (Agathiyar)

Agathiyar in his above poem says that, Pudam employing one varatti is called “kaadaip pudam”, if three varattis are used then, it is termed as “kowthaarip pudam”, pudam using 10 varattis is called “kukkoo pudam (saevar pudam)”, pudam using 50 varattis is called “varaaka pudam (panri/pig pudam)”, the process of using 100 varattis in pudam is called “kana pudam”and process of using 1000 varattis is called “kaja pudam (yaanai/ elepahant pudam)”. 

Apart from this, using 96 varattis in pudam is called "manal maraivu pudam".

Another process of pudam involves usage of goat dung, which is termed as “poomip pudam”. This process involves, putting 5 virarkadai length of goat dung for pudam.

Some other pudam process is also employed where; the fire has no direct contact on source material. However, this process involves indirect heating mechanism.

Umip pudam - This involves two types. One method is immersing the source product inside this umi and taken out after specific period.  Another method involves burning that umi (the husk of rice) and produce necessary heat for pudam.

Thaaniyap pudam – According to the need, the source product is buried in paddy or in any grains.

Suriyap pudam – Placing the ingredients in sun rays to make dry it.

Chandrap pudam – Placing the ingredients in moon rays.

Paruvap pudam – Placing the medicinal ingredients in open space on full moon day.

Amaavaasaip pudam -  placing the medicinal ingredients in open space in new moon day.

Panip pudam – During snowy season, placing the required ingredients in that snow and taking out after specified time.

Pattaip  pudam -  Make a hole in specific tree and place  the materials. Inside the hole and close it with the same left out particles of that tree. After the specified time or days,  we can take out the material out.

Apart from these, there are certain other pudam like “manithap pudam”, “gurup pudam”, which should be taught or known only through appropriate guru.

Original – www.siththarkal.com
Translated by Lalilthambika Rajasekaran


Pudam – The level of Fire.

Author: தோழி / Labels:

In previous post, we have seen the pudam technique which is a separate and unique part of science in siddha medicine. Making pudam involves two process viz, the stove called as ulai and the level of fire to be used.

The heat here is made up of firing the woods or by firing the dried cow dung (called as varatti) or by firing the cereals. They even controlled the level of fire and heat in this process. These measurement units are taught generation after generations merely through oral communication.

They have distinguished 4 types of fire level while using wood for fire. 

The fire which burns like the blossomed lotus is termed as “kamalaakini”. 

The fire which resembles like the burning of torch made by cloth (pandham) is called as “kaadakkini”.

The fire which resembles the converged shape of banana flower is called “kathaliyaakkini”.

Here, the fire resembles the light like in small earthen lamp (akal vilakku) is called “deepakkini”.

It is recorded that, for each type of pudam, the type of fire used is highly significant. The pudam process becomes successful only on adhering the above suitable arrangements of heat.

We cannot expect the burning to be stable for achieving desired fire level, which may differ with change in  moisture content of wood, the intensity of burning, the blowing wind etc., that’s why, for getting proper heat, they used the dried dung of cow or goat also called as varatti which will give the required stable uniform heat.

In this technique, the amount of varatti used mainly depends on the desired heat needed for medicine preparation. This concept is well clearly explained by Agathiyar in his book, “agathiyar vaatha Sowmiyam”.

Let us see the further information in this series in upcoming post.

Original – www.siththarkal.com
Translated by Lalithambika Rajasekaran


Pudam – An Introduction

Author: தோழி / Labels:

In sithalogy, alchemy plays a vital role in medicine preparations. Generally, siddha medicine is of two types, inner and outer medicine. In this regard, I have already discussed in my previous post and interested readers can refresh this topic, pudamiduthal.

Nuclear and atomic research is the recent advancement in science. In that series, nano field emerges and growing out rapidly. Even though these are part of our recent scientific advancement, interesting part here to look out is that, our ancestors used these techniques in their medicine.

Extending from our human body to the surrounding matters, everything is composed of atoms and molecules. One should understood, these atoms may undergone a change as ions but will not be destroyed. The atoms may combine with other atoms and forms newer compound and their characteristics may differ. From the birth of universe, the atoms remains stable but may undergone structural changes without any destruction.

In sithalogy, medicine preparation is based on this atomic science. The basic structure of making siddha medicine is combining/ removing the similar or varying physical and chemical properties of atoms or compound molecules.

Of course! Many readers have their doubts arisen regarding the relationship between pudam and this atomic science.  Siddha medicine generally used the term, appropriating or seasoning atoms, which can be correlated to the fission and fusion of atoms. This action of appropriating atoms is normally called as pudam.

Making pudam is separate branch of siddha medicine. My ultimate aim is to elaborate this scientific process of pudam in simple language in my upcoming posts.

Original – www.siththarkal.com
Translated by Lalithambika Rajasekaran