Food - How much food? When to take?

Author: தோழி / Labels:

As in this series of ‘ancient Tamils and food habits’, so far we have seen about food histories, features, tastes and characteristics and its effect on human beings. However, Siththars gave us the details about: how to take food? when to have food? what are all the foods to be taken? how to treat food as medicine and medicine as food?

Our ancestors strictly followed all the above food habits in their day to day life till the foreign incursion. 

Nowadays with the idea of globalization, it is really distressing that we almost forgot all our rooted habits. In this account, I would like to share some of those forgotten conventions in the upcoming posts. Hence, in today’s post, we will see about the how many time we have to intake food on average per day? And also about the time period for food intake..

Siththar Theraaiyar quoted that two meals per day is highly sufficient. His quote is taken from “Pathaartha Kuna Sinthaamani” which is as follows:

தன்மமி ரண்டேயூண் டப்பிமுக்காற் கொள்ளினினன்
thanmami randaeyoon dappimukkaar kollininan
சின்மதலை காளைகடல் சேர்பருவ-தன்மூகுர்த்த
sinmathalai kaalaikadal saerparuva-thanmookurththa
மொன்றுக்கு ணானகுக்கு ளோதுமிரண் டுக்குளுண்பர்
montrukku naanakukku loathumiran dukkulunpar
நன்றுக்குத் தீயோர் நயந்து
nanrukkuth theeyoar nayanthu

Intake of food in two time slot is generally good for health. In addition to this, if anyone wants to have another meals would start their first meal on a day within 1½ hour from sunrise, Then, the second meal within 6 hour from sunrise and final/third meal within 3 hour from sunset time.  Violating this food habit is generally bad for health.

மூன்றுநான் காறெண்மு கூர்த்தங் களின்முறையே
moonrunaan kaarenmu koorththang kalinmuraiyae
ஞான்றுளுண்ணு மந்த நறுமுணவே-தோன்றுடலுக்
njaanrulunnu mantha narumunavae –thoanrudaluk
கொக்குமித நோயரமு ரோகமுயிர்க் கந்தரஞ்செய்
kokkumitha noayaramu roakamuyirk kantharanjei
விக்குமித மாராய்ந்து விள்
vikkumitha maraainthu vil

Food will cause slight disease if taken within 4 hours from sunrise. If food taken after 6 hours from sunrise, it will cause diseases. If food taken after 3 hours from sunset, it will lead to deadly diseases.

The above noted view of Siththar Theraiyar should be taken under technical research. However, our ancestors followed the above food habits and lived a healthy life.

Let us see about, how to eat food in upcoming post.

Original –
Translated by Lalithambika Rajasekaran

Food types - Thamasa food

Author: தோழி / Labels:

We inferred from our ancestors that, the intaen food of a person solely determines that person’s character. Hence, three different characters are correlated to three types of foods and we have already seen the first two in previous posts. In that series, we are going to see about thamasa food in today’s post.

Let us first see about what is thamasa food? And its characteristics as follows:

Uncontrolled anger, uncontrolled lust, more sleep, vigorous idiocy, instability are the inherent characteristics of thamasa food intakers.

People with the above characteristics are arrogant, madly short tempered, cannot think and judge equally and mostly they will be slave to senses and do silly crimes.

Even our modern science, after various researches accept the fact that the foods plays major role in one’s character and behavior. From the list of foods distinguished under three types, we perceive the type we intaken so far and the character  it imbibes in us, which might lead to personal character upgradation. 

Following are the list of food products characterized under thamasa:

1. Onion
2. White Garlic
3. Drumstick leaf
4. Pasalai leaf
5. Kalavai keerai
6. Aarai keerai
7. Siru keerai
8. Potato
9. Peruvalli kizhangu
10. Radish
11. Siruvalli kizhangu
12. Maravalli kizhangu
13. Drumstick
14. Peerkkai
15. Sword bean
16. Mochai
17. Bottle guard
18. Avarai (a type of bean)
19. Horse gram
20. Red cholam
21. Black cholam
22. Green peas
23. Black-eyed peas
24. Kambu (Pearl millet)
25.Varaku (Kodo millet)
26. Raagi (Finger millet)
27. Boiled rice
28. Brinjal
29. Drumstick flower
30. Eechavellam (Jaggery from Phnix dactoeylifera)
31. Panaivellam (Jaggery from Palmyra)
32. Palmyra candy
33. Kal types (liquour from coconut, palm like trees)
34. Unripen palm fruit
35. Castor oil
36. Paruppu keerai (Chenopodium album)
37. Pulicha keerai (Hibiscus cannabinus)
38. Kaasini keerai
39. Palm fruit
40. Custard apple
41. Pannaik keerai
42. Cashew fruit
43. Buffalo milk
44. Buffalo curd
45. Buffalo butter
46. Buffalo ghee

Till now, we have seen about the ancient Tamilians food habits, types of foods and its character imbibing qualities.

In future, we will see about how to intake these foods and also about its merits and demerits according to Siththar’s view.

Stay tuned!!

Original –
Translated by Lalithambika Rajasekaran

Food types – Rajo food

Author: தோழி / Labels:

Our ancestors distinguished the food into three types based on their characteristics. Among the three, we have already seen the first type (satvika food) in previous post. On continuation, we are going to see about rajo food types.

Rajo food will imbibe following list of characteristics on continual intake. The characteristics expected are; briskness, vigour, physical strength, self fanaticism, over confidence, brute force, lust, jealous, anger, psychological outburst, temporal instability, dynamic, enthusiastic and also have a feel of accomplishing any task.

Moreover, the people and society with zeal, supremacy and with aim of achieving something were having this rajo mentality.

Alright!! What are all the foods belong to this rajo group?

Our ancestors differentiated it very well.

Rajo foods:

1. Green chillies
2. Oosi Milakaai (Needle chillies)
3. Unripe lemon
4. Riped lemon
5. Tamarind
6. Fig fruit
7. Aavaram flower
8. Banana flower
9. Aru keerai
10. Red pumpkin leaf
11. Pudhina (Mint)
12. Paara vetrilai (Beetle leaf)
13. Maahali kizhangu
14. Kaara karunai kizhangu
15. Kotti kizhangu
16. Karunai kizhangu
17. Lotus rhizome
18. Siru kizhangu
19. Kalippaakku
20. Mustard oil
21. Milk from buck (vellaadu)
22. Curd from buck
23. Oil from buck
24. Ghee from buck
25. Omum
26. Poppy seed
27. Mixed ghee
28. White pumbkin
29. Red pumpkin
30. Pig snake guard
31. Ladys finger
32.  Snake guard
33. Black cumin
34. Kaattu seeragam
35. Pirappu seeragam
36. Cloves
37. Lavanga pattai
38. Appalak kaaram
39.  Table salt
40. Tamarind
41. Chillies
42. Naai kaduku (A type of mustard seed)
43. Red mustard
44. Small mustard 
45. White mustard
46. Coriander seed
47. Curcuma aromatica
48. Musk
49. Turmeric
50. Cashew nuts
51. Manila
52. Sagital
53. Red gram
54. Pineapple
55. Pomegranate
56. Komati maadhulai (A type of pomegranate)
57. All other food with the feel of hot or alkaline taste in tongue comes under this rajo food category.

All these above listed foods imbibe briskness and acuteness on inhaling persons which provoke and control the feelings of earthly peoples.

Well!! We can see about thamasa foods in upcoming posts.

Original –
Translated by Lalithambika Rajasekaran